Invigorates the blood and reduces abdominal masses; cools the blood and unblocks the menses: for dysmenorrhea or amenorrhea due to blood stasis as well as abdominal masses. Can be used as a stand-alone herb for this purpose.
Clears heat and resolves toxicity: for severe sore throat, throat painful obstruction, and othe accumulations of heat toxin, including breast abscess. The macerated fresh herb is often used for this purpose.
Facilitates urination, checks malarial disorders: for internal stoppage of dampness with edema or even ascites. Also used for malarial disorders. Juice is sometimes extracted from the fresh herb for this purpose.